This is a list of publicly-available resources for researching the legalization of drugs, gambling, prostitution, and a variety of other related topics:




Prison Industrial Complex


Office of the Inspector General U.S. Department of Justice. “Review of the Federal Bureau of Prisons’ Monitoring of Contract Prisons.”


Vera Institute of Justice. “The Price of Prisons: What Incarceration Costs Taxpayers.”


Justice Policy Institute. “Gaming the System: How the Political Strategies of Private Prison Companies Promote Ineffective Incarceration Policies.”


Department of Justice lawsuit. "School to prison pipeline”


Southern Center for Human Rights. “Critics Say Private Probation Punishes Poor Unfairly.”


ACLU. A Pound of Flesh: The Criminalization of Private Debt


Police Misconduct


Philip M. Stinson, John Liederbach, Steven P. Lab, and Steven L. Brewer Jr.   Police Integrity Lost: A Study of Law Enforcement Officers Arrested


Eugene A Pallone III and William Terrill   Police Education, Experience, and the Use of Force


Casey Delahantey, Jack Mewirter, Ryan Welsh, and Jason Wilks     Militarization and police violence: The case of the 1033 program


White-Collar Crime


Joseph P. Martinez   Unpunished Criminals: The Social Acceptability of White Collar Crimes in America


Katie A. Fredericks, Rima E. McComas, and Georgie Ann Wetherby.  White Collar Crime: Recidivism, Deterrence, and Social Impact


National Institute of Justice.  White Collar Crime and Career Criminals


Asset Forfeiture


The Institute for Justice. “Policing for Profit: The Abuse of Civil Asset Forfeiture.”


Nadine Strossen's Congressional Testimony on Civil Asset Forfeiture Reform


ACLU. “Civil Asset Forfeiture: Profiting From California’s Most Vulnerable.” “Caswell Motel Case Marks a Victory Against Federal Forfeiture Abuse [FEATURE]."


Drug War


Drug Policy Alliance. “Drug War Statistics.”


ACLU. “War Comes Home.


NPR. “Seized Drug Assets Pad Police Budgets.”


Law Enforcement Against Prohibition. “Ending the Drug War: a Dream Preferred.”


Human Rights Watch. “Rethinking the War on Drugs.”


Gallup. "Support for Legal Marijuana Use Up to 60% in U.S."


Pew Charitable Trusts. “Federal Drug Sentencing Laws Bring High Cost, Low Return.”


Cheye Calvo explores the money behind SWAT raids.


Werb D, Rowell G, Guyatt G, Kerr T, Monaner J, Wood E. "Effect of drug law enforcement on drug market violence: a systematic review"


British Medical Journal. "Drugs should be legalised, regulated, and taxed."


Money Laundering 


Ramon Milian Rodriguez Congressional testimony on April 6th and 7th of 1988


U.S. Government Accountability Office. “Money Laundering: Extent of Money Laundering through Credit Cards Is Unknown.”


Center for Public Integrity. “12 notable notes in the HSBC files and what they say about client-banker relations.”


United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. “Illicit money: how much is out there?"



Medical Marijuana 


The LaGuardia Committee Report on Marihuana.


The National Commission on Marihuana and Drug Abuse Commissioned by President Richard M. Nixon. Report in March of 1972.


Marijuana Policy Project. “Federal Obstruction of Medical Marijuana Research.”


Dr. Mahmoud A. ElSohly. Interview.


Patent by the Department of Health and Human Services for medical marijuana.


Report on Parents and Patients Related to the Use of Cannabidiol Symptomatic Epilepsy Secondary to Tuberous Sclerosis Complex (TSG) in Mexico


National Cancer Institute


American Academy of Neurology


Cannabidiol (CBD) as an Adjunctive Therapy in Schizophrenia: A Multicenter Randomized Controlled Trial



Medical Treatments with Psychedelic Drugs


Psilocybin for treatment-resistant depression: fMRI-measured brain mechanisms


Can MDMA play a role in the treatment of substance abuse?


MDMA-assisted psychotherapy for PTSD: Are memory reconsolidation and fear extinction underlying mechanisms?


Why Psychiatry Needs 3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine: A Child Psychiatrist's Perspective


Long-term follow-up of psilocybin-facilitated smoking cessation


Psilocybin produces substantial and sustained decreases in depression and anxiety in patients with life-threatening cancer: A randomized double-blind trial


Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) for alcoholism: meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials



Propaganda / Government Public Relations


U.S. Government Accountability Office. “Office of National Drug Control Policy--Video News Release, January 4, 2005.”


U.S. Government Accountability Office. “Drug-Free Communities Support Program: Stronger Internal Controls and Other Actions Needed to Better Manage the Grant-Making Process.”


U.S. Government Accountability Office. “ANTI-DRUG MEDIA CAMPAIGN: Investigation of Actions Taken Concerning Alleged Excessive Contractor Cost.”



Racial Disparity in the Drug War


Human Rights Watch. “Race, Drugs, and Law Enforcement in the United States.”


Drug Policy Alliance. “The Drug War, Mass Incarceration and Race.”


The Sentencing Project. “The Changing Racial Dynamics of the War on Drugs.”


New York Civil Liberties Union. “Stop and Frisk Data.”


Brookings Institute. “How the War on Drugs Damages Black Social Mobility.”



Harm Reduction


Harm Reduction Coalition. “Lifting the Federal Ban on Syringe Exchange Funding.”


Juvenile Justice Information Exchange. “Only 15 States Have Drug Amnesty Laws to Protect Overdosers, Friends.”


Harm Reduction Coalition. “Understanding Naloxone.”


Ethan Nadelmann of the Drug Policy Allliance. Switzerland’s Heroin Experience.


Cato Institute. “Drug Decriminalization in Portugal: Lessons for Creating Fair and Successful Drug Policies.”


Harm Reduction Coalition. "Alternatives to Public Injection."


Global Commission on Drug Policy "The Opioid Crisis in North America"


Chandler McClellan, Barrot H. Lambdin, Mir M. Ali, Ryan Mutter, Corey Davis, Eliza Wheeler, Michael Pemberton, Alex H. Kral.  "Opioid-overdose laws association with opioid use and overdose mortality"



Drug War Funds Supporting War Crimes and Terrorism Internationally


National Security Archive. “’Body count mentalities’: Colombia’s ‘False Positives’ Scandal, Declassified.”


National Security Archive. “The Chiquita Papers: Banana Giant's Paramilitary Payoffs Detailed in Trove of Declassified Legal, Financial Documents.”


SOA Watch. “11 Latin American Dictators.”


Latin America Working Group. “Declassified Army and CIA Manuals.”


Insight Crime. “US Military Supporting Honduras Drug War with New Forward Bases.”


Human Rights Watch. “Human Rights in Post-Invasion Panama: Justice Delayed is Justice Denied.”


National Security Archive. “US: Mexico Mass Graves Raise ‘Alarming Questions’ about Government ‘Complicity’ in September 2014 Cartel Killings.”


National Security Archive. “Rebellion in Chiapas and the Mexican Military.”



Government Supported Drug Trafficking


The State of New York Office of the Commission of Investigation. William B. Herlands report (September 17, 1954).


National Security Archive. “The Oliver North File: His Diaries, E-Mail, and Memos on the Kerry Report, Contras and Drugs.”


National Security Archive. The Contras, Cocaine, and Covert Operations.”


The Subcommittee on Terrorism, Narcotics, and International Operations of the U.S. Senate Committee on Foreign Relations. “Drugs, Law Enforcement and Foreign Policy.” (December 1988)


U.S. Department of Justice. “Klaus Barbie and the United States Government: A Report to the Attorney General of the United States.” (August 1983)


Institute for Policy Studies. “A Tangled Web: A History of CIA Complicity in Drug International Trafficking.”


PBS Interview with Frederick Hitz (former CIA Inspector general)


CIA Inspector General Report. “Report of Investigation Concerning Allegations of Connections Between CIA and The Contras in Cocaine Trafficking to the United States.” (January 1998)


Congressional Research Service. “Afghanistan: Narcotics and U.S. Policy.”



Early Days of Nevada Casinos / Connection with Organized Crime


David Schwartz, director of the Center for Gaming Research, lecture. “Birth of the Las Vegas Strip.”


David Schwartz tour of the Center for Gaming Research at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV).


UNLV History Professor Michael Green tour of the Mob Museum in Las Vegas


U.S. Senate History - May 3, 1950 - Kefauver Crime Committee Launched


Kefauver Committee report on Organized Crime



Modern, Regulated Gambling


U.S. Department of Justice Inspector General Report “Review of Indian Gaming Crimes.”


Grant D. Ashley, former Executive Assistant Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, speech for the National Native American Law Enforcement Association 12th Annual Training Conference. Las Vegas, NV October 28, 2004.


Subcommittee on Native American Affairs of the Committee on Natural Resources. Implementation of Public Law 100-497, The Indian Gaming Regulation Act of 1988, and related law enforcement issues. October 5, 1993.


State of New Jersey Casino Revenue Fund Advisory Commission


NPR. “Online Lottery Could Be Coming To A State Near You.”


National Center for Responsible Gaming. “How many disordered gamblers are there?”



Online Poker  / Offshore Gambling


FBI. “Manhattan U.S. Attorney Charges Principals of Three Largest Internet Poker Companies with Bank Fraud, Illegal Gambling Offenses, and Laundering Billions in Illegal Gambling Proceeds.”


FBI. “Manhattan U.S. Attorney Announces $731 Million Settlement of Money Laundering and Forfeiture Complaint with PokerStars and Full Tilt Poker.”


Department of Justice. “Manhattan U.S. Attorney Announces $731 Million Settlement Of Money Laundering And Forfeiture Complaint With Pokerstars And Full Tilt Poker.”


C-Span. “Michael Waxman (Executive Director of the Safe and Secure Internet Gambling Initiative)”


C-Span. “Michael Bolcerek of the Poker Players Alliance discussing the Unlawful Internet Gambling Enforcement Act (UIGEA).”


FBI. “Former Director and CEO of BetOnSports Sentenced.”


FBI. “Internet Gambling Company PartyGaming PLC Enters Non-Prosecution Agreement with U.S. and Will Forfeit $105 Million.”


U.S. Government Accountability Office. “Internet Gambling: An Overview of Issues.”



Sports Gambling


National Institute of Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice. Law Enforcement Assistance Administration. United States Department of Justice. “Gambling Law Enforcement in Major Cities.” (September 1978)


Partnership for New York City. “Hidden Revenue: Regulating the Underground Economy of Sports Betting.”


Koleman S. Strumpf of the University of North Carolina Chapel Hill. “Illegal Sports Bookmakers.”


UNLV Center for Gaming Research. “Betting on the US Market: A Discussion of the Legality of Sports Gaming Businesses.”


UNLV Center for Gaming Research. “Nevada Sports Betting Totals: 1984-2015.”


Gallup. “One in Six Americans Gamble on Sports.”



Hypocrisy of Unregulated Derivatives Trading by Too Big to Fail Banks


Federal Reserve. “Governor Randall S. Kroszner at the Confronting Concentrated Poverty Policy Forum, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, Washington, D.C. - December 3, 2008.”


PBS Frontline. “The Long Demise of Glass-Steagall.”


Senate Session The Gramm–Leach–Bliley Act (GLBA), also known as the Financial Services Modernization Act of 1999. May 6, 1999


C-SPAN. “After Words with Maria Bartiromo.”


Center for Public Integrity. “Countrywide protected fraudsters by silencing whistleblowers, say former employees.”


C-Span. “Harry Markolobos testimony about the Bernie Madoff investigation for the House Financial Services Subcommittee on Capital Markets, Insurance and Government-Sponsored Enterprises.” (Part 1) (Part 2)


Judicial Watch. “Judicial Watch Forces Release of Bank Bailout Documents.”


Project on Government Oversight. “SEC’s Revolving Door Blurs Line Between Regulator and Industry.”


U.S. Senate Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations. Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs. “Wall Street Bank Involvement with Physical Commodities.” December 5, 2014.


Financial Crisis Inquiry Commission. “Testimony of Richard M. Bowen III for the Hearing on Subprime Lending And Securitization And Government Sponsored Enterprises.”



Decriminalization / Criminalization of Prostitution


Amnesty International. “Sex Workers' Rights are Human Rights.”


The San Francisco Task Force on Prostitution.


Scott Cunningham and Manisha Shah. “Decriminalizing Prostitution: Surprising Implications for Sexual Violence and Public Health.”


The Sex Workers Project at the Urban Justice Center. “Revolving Door: An analysis of street-based prostitution in New York City.”


The Sex Workers Project at the Urban Justice Center. “Behind Closed Doors: An analysis of indoor sex work in New York City.”


Steven D. Levitt and Sudhir Alladi Venkatesh. “An Empirical Analysis of Street-Level Prostitution.”


Michael S. Scott of the Community Oriented Policing Services of the U.S. Department of Justice. “Street Prostitution.”



Nevada’s Legal Brothels


C-Span. “Legalized Prostitution in Nevada.”


Daria Snadowski. “The Best Little Whorehouse in not in Texas: How Nevada’s Prostitution Laws Serve Public Policy, and how those Laws may be Improved.”


Barbara G. Brents and Kathryn Hausbeck. “Violence and Legalized Brothel Prostitution in Nevada.”


Barbara G. Brents and Kathryn Hausbeck. “State Sanctioned Sex: Negotiating Formal and Informal Regulatory Practices in Nevada Brothels.”



Harm Reduction (Prostitution)


Human Rights Watch. “In Harm’s Way: State Response to Sex Workers, Drug Users and HIV in New Orleans.”


Prostitute Diversion Institute - New Life Program: Annual Report 2011-2012


Open Doors. “Rethinking Arrest: Street Prostitution & Public Policy in Rhode Island.”


The Sex Workers Project of the Urban Justice Center. “Public Health Crisis: An analysis of the impact of using condoms as evidence of prostitution in New York City.”


Foreign Experiments with Liberalizing Prostitution


Prostitution Licensing Authority of Queensland, Australia. “Select Prostitution Statistics.”


Australian Institute of Criminology. “Working Girls: Prostitutes, their life and social control.”


Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs. “Dutch Policy on Prostitution.”


Paul Bisschop, Stephen Kastoryano, and Bas Van Der Klaauw. “Street Prostitution Zones and Crime.”


Ministry of Justice of New Zealand. “The Sex Industry in New Zealand: A Literature Review.”


University of Otago. “The Impact of the Prostitution Reform Act on the Health and Safety Practices of Sex Workers.”


New Zealand Parliament. “Prostitution law reform in New Zealand.”


United Nation Development Programme. “Sex Work and the Law in Asia and the Pacific.”


Susanne Dodillet and Petra Östergren. “The Swedish Sex Purchase Act: Claimed Success and Documented Effects.”


Pulitzer Center. “The Netherlands vs Sweden: Should Buying Sex Be Illegal?”


The Lancet. "National sex work policy and HIV prevalence among sex workers: an ecological regression analysis of 27 European countries."



Human Trafficking


U.S. Government Accountability Office. “Human Trafficking: Better Data, Strategy, and Reporting Needed to Enhance U.S. Antitrafficking Efforts Abroad.”


U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. “Study of HHS Programs Serving Human Trafficking Victims.”


U.S. Department of State. “Trafficking in Persons Report.”


Red Umbrella Project. “Criminal, Victim, or Worker? : The Effects of New York’s Human Trafficking Intervention Courts on Adults Charges with Prostitution-Related Offenses.”


The Sex Workers Project at the Urban Justice Center. “The Use of Raids to Fight Trafficking in Persons: A study of law enforcement raids targeting trafficking in persons.”


The Sex Workers Project at the Urban Justice Center. “The Road North: The role of gender, poverty, and violence in trafficking from Mexico to the US.”


The House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, Subcommittee on Technology Information Policy, Intergovernmental Relations and Procurement Reform. Written Testimony of Sam McCahon, McCahon Law Office, LLC


Center for Court Innovation. "Experiences of Youth in the Sex Trade in Las Vegas."


Center for Court Innovation. "The Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children in New York City."


Modern Slavery Research Project. "Trafficking and Exploitive Labor Among Homeless Youth in New Orleans."

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